The textile industry is huge due to the variety of products and chemicals used by different companies. A textile is any product which we make by yarn, filaments, fibers, or thread. This means everything from your tea filters to your apparel falls into the category of textiles.
Chemicals are the main factor in producing colors in the fabric, yarn, or garments. They are the most important materials for dyeing. Dyes are the colors which we use to enhance the aesthetic and functionality of the textiles. Textile dyes are either synthetic – scientifically we create them with chemicals or natural products.
We also use different types of chemicals at different stages of the dyeing process due to their versatile properties and characteristics. These chemical finishes to textiles can greatly improve the appearance, wear ability, and functionality of textiles.
Here are the most common textile chemicals which we use for dyeing textiles:
Textile Silicone Fluid:
Silicone fluid is a linear product that remains liquid at room temperature. It is usually colorless, odorless, non-toxic, and non-volatile fluid. We manufacture them through a special formula and used as an auxiliary material to produce a specific effect on textiles.
Silicone fluid can be used as a fabric softener, waterproofing agent, and lubricant in the textile industry. To meet the top-notch quality of textiles, chemical manufacturers are constantly producing silicone fluid with functional additives and a good feel.
The textile industry uses hydrophilic oil because it leads to the production of self-cleaning, waterproof, and stain-resistant clothing. The textile chemicals manufacturers produce hydrophilic oil to incorporate following properties in the fabric:
- Imparts extraordinary softness, a silky feel to the fabric
- Prevents the fabric from losing its color
- Prevent bleeding of the fabric
- Imparts hydrophilicity to polyester fabric
- Highly compatible with most the washing agents
The uses of epoxies in textiles to hold non-woven fibers together in a desired orientation. Whereas, you can also use them as textile treatments to incorporate specific performance benefits. Not to mention that, we sometimes cross-link using water-compatible curing agents to use at elevated temperatures. Typical properties that can improve through using epoxy chemicals in the textile dyeing process:
- They enhance the thermal, chemical, and abrasion resistance of the fabric.
- They are sustainable solutions that extend product life cycles.
- Epoxy strengthens the fabric and protects it from fading and discoloration.
Emulsions / Softeners:
Softeners are used for textile dyeing due to their excellent performance and stability. The treated textiles have good hydrophilicity, tear resistance, and durable pressing properties. They prevent the textiles from fading or yellowing. They also improve washing fastness and have sweat resistance properties.
The use of softeners during textile dyeing incorporates the following properties into the textile:
- Voluminous handle
- High surface smoothness
- Low fading and yellowing property
- Improved suability
Textile surfactants are “surface activating agents” that reduce the internal surface tension in textiles. They are organic compounds that can be used as wetting agents, detergents, foaming agents, and emulsifiers in the textile industry. They are used for the following reasons in the textile industry:
- Textile auxiliary companies produce surfactant to improve the scouring of natural and synthetic fabrics.
- They also act as softeners or lubricants during the spinning, weaving, dyeing, and cording of textiles.
- They are the best dyeing agents due to their penetrating quality.
- Surfactants are great oil emulsifiers and dye dispersants.
There are several types of surfactants produced by chemical suppliers. They include fatty alcohol ethoxylate, fatty ethoxylate, and fatty amines ethoxylate. All of them play an integral role in the textile industry.
Impact Of Using Chemicals In Textile Dyeing:
A variety of chemicals which we use for dyeing textiles and garments, including yarn. We can also use them in different ways for specific textiles. However, some has the other uses to create a definite impact on the material. On the other hand, some has their own uses for textile dyeing to enhance the imprint of colors. The use of water repellents makes outdoor garments more useful. While biocides prevent the growth of molds on textiles. Some kinds of bacteria-killing agents have their unique utilization to oppose lousy smell. Whereas, some chemicals have the ability to make the garments wrinkle-free. Thus, they have numerous uses and benefits. Therefore, they have the alternative uses in the textile industry.
Health Effects of Chemicals Used In the Textile Dyeing Industry:
There is no such evidence that proves the negative impact of chemicals used in textile dyeing and finishing. They have no harmful impact on human health at any level of exposure that workers usually face in the textile industry. However, long-term or accidental exposure may lead to potential health hazards. This is the reason, all textile dyes and chemicals should be treated with care.
Hutaib Industrial Solution is committed to manufacturing and delivering high-quality textile chemicals while promoting the safe use of chemicals in the industries. Hutaib Industrial Solutions is among the leading textile chemicals manufacturers in Pakistan. We use modern technology to introduce innovative products in the textile market. Due to our quality products and customer-driven services we have established our footprint in the textile chemicals sector.
I am Priya Varma, and I have been working as Content Writer at Rananjay Exports for past 2 years. My expertise lies in researching and writing both technical and fashion content. I have written multiple articles on Gemstone Jewelry like Blue Topaz Jewelry and other stones over the past years and would love to explore more on the same in future. I hope my work keeps mesmerizing you and helps you in the future.